Software Development is not just a process. It is in reality, a meticulous series of processes and tasks with the goal of conceiving a functional software for its targeted end users.
The whole process is divided into different stages. The software development process includes planning, risk analysis, interface design, logical design, coding or programming, testing, implementation, maintenance and all throughout the process, the documentation from conception to the end stage of the development.
The activities behind the development of a software consist of endless brainstorming, problem-solving, and different ideas by different minds from different fields of expertise all put together. It is obvious, just by definition, that software development is not at all easy.
Here are 7 reasons why software development is hard:
1. Developers Have To Look For A Problem To Solve
Problem solving is not always an easy task in the real world. Having just one problem brings about stress and unnecessary worries. In the cyber world, to conceiving a software, a problem should be in place. While the real world runs away from day to day problems, software developers on the other hand look for problems to solve.
2. Documenting The Development From Beginning To End
Documentation is all about paper works, and by that in plural, it means a lot. It is a tedious process of observation, interviews, documenting every process step-by-step, keeping files, and organizing content. Research is also a crucial part of this long process. There are different documentation that needs to be created and produced all throughout the software development process: Planning Documentation, Project Documentation, Process Documentation, Requirements & Estimate, Design & Architecture, Testing Documentation, Technical Documentation, Installation Guide, System Admin Guide, and User Manual.
3. Project Risks
Risk management is a vital part of the software development process and requires a high level of knowledge and experience in software development analysis. Expecting issues and setting solutions of a contingency plan in place before it happens can be daunting. Any software project is prone to painful project risks which if not managed properly and projected in advance can drag the progress of the development.
4. Team Issues
Teamwork and effort is essential in software development. Tasks and processes are often divided to the team members based on their expertise. Team miscommunication can cause misunderstanding and make it difficult for team members to get their tasks done since a part of a task can be dependent on another’s task and progress. This is a concern that most Software Project Managers could face along the process.
5. Client Issues
Clients, system admins and end users play an important role in software development. The data gathered from this group is crucial to the planning stage where the problems and solutions are initially formulated. Problems with clients occur when there is inconsistency with the information they have provided. Miscommunication can also occur and if the client is slow to respond and provide the developers with what they need to move forward, it is a difficult situation, especially if there is a timeline that needs to be followed.
6. Software Errors
Bugs are inevitable. These software flaws stem from different possible issues from since the date gathering up to the programming phase. It is hard dealing with software error and it’s a stringy process to de-bug. One error can affect many and different parts of the program. Fixing bugs is definitely time-consuming and mentally draining for software programmers.
7. Changes Here and There
Changes in software development can mean many different things: changes in hardware requirements, changes in coding, changes in technical specifications, changes in the interface design, and so on. These changes often times come from client requests, team initiative, software errors, and testing results. Whatever the change that is needed, it has valuable impact to the project timeline, team effort, and project cost.
Creating a software is not a walk in the park, even for experienced and skilled software developers, designers, project managers, programmers, and data analysts. It takes a team to build a well-documented, efficient, and functional software. Software Development is difficult, the process is tedious, the tasks seem endless, the project management is time-consuming and the cost is high but the returns after solving problems, and providing real world solutions is all worth it.