The roots of programming language date back from the very first mechanical computers ever built. Humans have gradually progressed to the modern days of software development. Almost seven decades ago, FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslation) the very first commercially released language, was introduced to us by John Buckus at IBM. This release opened a lot of doors for the public to learn about computer programming.

With the rapid advancement of technology in this era, learning how to code can be really helpful in boosting your career. Whether you are a doctor, an accountant, or a lawyer, or a business owner, or any other professional who probably feels that programming is a far-field from your current one, learning a programming language is very beneficial.

Modern Computer Language

In the age of automation, programming plays a vital role in streamlining the processing of data. This helps a lot of professionals and businesses across different sectors to become more efficient and effective in dealing with their daily tasks. Although before you can reap the benefits of learning about computer programming, you need a great amount of hard work and discipline because programming isn’t easy to learn.

A lot of people have embarked upon the journey of learning a programming language, and if you’re one of them, someone who’s starting to become a developer, or just someone who would like to start programming as a hobby, an imperative decision to make at the onset of your journey is choosing which programming language to learn first.

The year 2020 marks another decade for the growth of computer programing, and there are currently a lot of options to select from, but which among the trending programming languages will best suit your needs as a beginner? Here’s a compilation of four of the most recommended programming language to learn in 2020:

Recommended Programming Language for Beginners in 2020

1. Python

This was created by a Dutch programmer, Guido van Rossum, and initially released in 1991. This multi-purpose programming language is the most popular recommendation as a starting point from a lot of developers. With its wide array of tutorials, documentation, and the number of code libraries accessible online, you will easily be aided in the learning phase of the language. The support community of Python is very strong and interactive and there are tons of beginner forums that you could join which can help you simultaneously learn and build with this language.

As this language is similar to English, it will help you comprehend the development of the program with ease. It will be comparable to learning a foreign language with similar structures from a linguist’s point of view.

The scale of opportunities with Python is very wide as It is used in academe, industry, and other sectors as well. Additionally, it is widely used in the global stage so opportunities are endless. Big companies like Instagram, Spotify, Amazon, and Facebook, use Python. So if you’re planning to go big with a career in computer programming, or you’re planning to join the roster of developers of these big tech companies, perhaps this will be the best option for you as a beginner.

Undoubtedly, there is not a single perfect programming language. Every programming language has its own advantages and drawbacks and Python is not an exception. There are a few cons to look out for, the most remarkable of which is that it is comparably slower than other languages. This is a result of it being classified as a high-level programming language. When speed is significant in the system like running a code on a microprocessor, it is less common to use Python and you should probably go with languages like C++ in this case.

2. Java

According to the GitHub (a subsidiary of Microsoft), Java is the third most popularly used programming language. It was developed by Sun Microsystems in the ’90s and later acquired by Oracle. It is one of the first programming languages created, and one of the most influential. As it has been in the industry for more than two decades now, it continues its stronghold and has proven its place in the tech world.

It is debatably simpler than other languages and more readable than C or C++. It also has large community support, one reason why it has withstood challenges and has reached its reputable age. If you have questions or issues on what you’re doing, it will be easier to look for answers because of the availability of Java forums online. For a lot of people, this is a deal-breaker because often when you have unresolved issues, you’ll find yourself frustrated, and surely you won’t be having this kind of frustration with Java.

In the aspect of speed, Java outscores Python because of its outstanding memory management. When you’re starting to learn, memory is a great deal.

In usability, a lot of Android apps are created with Java as it is the primary language for Android development. If you’re planning to be a developer in the field, or simply if you want to create your own application or mobile game, this might be the best fit for you.

One notable con, however, is its verbose and complex code. Everyone doesn’t like wordy and long paragraphs, right? Well here’s where Java carries what you don’t want. It employs a lot of words which might seem advantageous when you’re starting to learn and to understand a language. In the long run, however, it becomes too complicated which creates a less readable code.

3. Ruby

Ruby is one of the lesser popular choices as a first language. It was initially released in the mid-’90s and was designed and developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto in Japan. As a programming language that is 100% object-oriented, its creator, is proud of its design that is “friendlier for humans than a machine can comprehend”. It is untyped and one of the cleanest languages anyone can find. You also wouldn’t have to memorize lots of commands or syntax rules to use it. If you’re in for this kind of program then Ruby might be the best fit for you.

In the job market aspect, you can find a lot of opportunities with Ruby. Although it had a greater demand in the last decade, maintainers of websites using Ruby are still in good demand. According to Coursereport, notable websites like Airbnb, Hulu, Kickstarter, and Github, use Ruby.

However, there are claims that Ruby is a dying language despite it still being an emerging language today. Another remarkable drawback of this language is that it can be quite overwhelming when you’re just starting. A number of developers would recommend this as a second language than a first language to learn.

4. C / C++

It is often called the “Mother Language” as it is the most widely used programming language of all time. It was developed by Dennis M. Ritchie who later also developed the UNIX Operating System. It was initially implemented in the ’70s.

Although learning C is one of the most difficult languages to learn, it is beneficial and value-adding because it is a machine-level language. With that said, learning the C language is comparable to learning how a computer works. Digging deeper into one’s roots, C provides you with a solid foundation in programming. Its structure is so familiar with other languages because almost every programming language available is highly influenced by C so learning C will undoubtedly help you learn other languages with ease. If you’re one who’s really passionate about learning and would like to have a better connection with the computer language, C is definitely a good fit for you.

C++, on the other hand, is a programming language developed based on C. It is widely used by Adobe Systems, Paypal, and Amazon. Generally, C++ is more difficult to learn than C.

One disadvantage of learning C as a first language is that you might feel like it is such a wasted effort because you may never do any systems programming. It is also notable that it doesn’t have anything about object-oriented programming or functional programming. Although as stated above, if you’re really into learning about memory management, drivers, and embedded systems, then C will suit you well.

Conclusion

Aside from these four languages, there are a lot of other languages that you can learn. You can try to learn more than one language become a polyglot in programming or just choose one language and stick with it and be a master of that specific language. Either way, as you board upon this journey of becoming a programmer, you should take note that the features of a programming language are outscored by the ability of a programmer to use the language.

Overall, everyone knows that trying to get started is the most difficult phase of learning. It requires a lot of time and effort although when you have already gotten ahead of this phase and have started enjoying building with your chosen programming language, you’ll find yourself wanting more.

Have you already decided which programming language you’d like to learn?