Internet consumers have been on the rise every day. This has resulted to extensive critical information that can be worth millions of dollars when accessed by the wrong people. That’s why there is a significant rise in password-stealing malware to acquire credentials and passwords from internet users. This article will focus on a couple of aspects related to these password-stealing malware.
What is Password Stealing Malware?
Password-stealing malware can be defined as malicious software to collect data from internet users using different methods. The software often steals sensitive information such as financial information, saved credit card details, and auto-filled data. The malware uses specific ways to steal confidential information. Such methods are described below.
Stealing Auto fills From Browsers
Most browsers offer their users the opportunity to save their data. This eliminates the process of refilling information whenever a user is required to do so in particular websites. Such procedures can turn out to be password-stealing opportunities for malware. The procedure used by the malware to steal auto-fills differs according to the browser.
In Chrome browsers, the malware usually puts a polite request to the encrypted information on your browser data information stored in the computer. The request might seemingly seem to be safe, but in the real sense, it allows the malware to steal your passwords.
With Firefox, the malware usually asks the browser to decrypt the files, and it succeeds since it supposedly acts on your behalf. This is achieved even with the browser’s attempt to make your profile anonymous through its random naming process.
Finally, with Internet Explorer and Edge, the malware request for details from the browser’s storage feigning that it is you. In that case, the browser will have no reason to decline the request, making it easier to access sensitive information.
There are several other malware that hackers use to steal internet users’ passwords. However, these viruses are used by hackers and employed directly through the users’ computers. The methods that most hackers employ are:
• Rainbow table attacks
• Brute force attack
Types of Password Stealing Malware
There are several types of password-stealing malware. These malware are classified into families depending on their method of attack and their targets as well. Here is a list of the top ten password-stealing software.
• Zbot or Zeus
• Zeus gameover (Zeus family)
• SpyEye ( Zeus family)
• Ice IX ( Zeus family)
• Citadel (Zeus family)
• Carberp ( Zeus family)
• Bugat ( Zeus family)
• Shylock( Zeus family)
• Torpig ( Zeus family)
• CryptoLocker ( Zeus family)
How to Protect Yourself from password-stealing Malware
As much as there are a lot of attempts used by anti-malware software to protect users from password-stealing programs, users have the mandate of protecting themselves as well. Here is a detailed view of the considerations that every internet user should consider.
1. Change Password and Use Strict Password Policies
The first procedure in changing your password is establishing the elements that you need to make it stronger. In most cases, it is advisable to consider the following while creating a stronger password.
Watch Youtube Video: How to Make a Strong Password
• Use eight or more characters
• Use special characters
• Use both capital and lowercase letters
• Avoid using personal information
2. Upgrade to a Better FTP Client Application
You still need to update your File Transfer Protocol, if you have stayed for long without an upgrade. However, a good FTP should have an automatic upgrade option, which updates as per the changes done by the developer.
3. Scan and Remove Any Malware
You probably have a couple of anti-malware on your computer. It is essential to utilize them once you have experienced a malware attack. There several types of anti-malware that you can use, which range differently according to their capacity and payment. Make sure that you assess all the options at your disposal before you pick a particular option.
4. Enable the Multifactor Authentication
A multi-factor authentication procedure is an advanced procedure that protects your credentials from being accessed by malware. The authentication procedure allows verification of logins through third-party platforms such as emails, text messages, and calls. Once you have answered to the verification process, the user can be able to access the targeted platform.
There is a lot of malware risks to anyone using the internet. However, with the right protection and understanding of how they work, you can safely leave your credentials online without any worries. This requires someone careful enough with every choice that he or she makes and follows the right procedures at hand.